Your second grade student will gain knowledge about scientific inquiry by:

  • Planning and conducting explorations and investigations
  • Exploring and pursuing student-generated “how” investigations questions
  • Reading and defining new vocabulary words
  • Using evidence to develop explanations of scientific investigations
  • Employing equipment and tools to systematically gather and record data
  • Reviewing the different parts of a scientific experiment
  • Recording the data from his demonstrations
  • Using recorded data to construct reasonable explanations and make predictions
  • Asking “how” and “can I/we” questions
  • Recognizing that explanations are generated in response to observations, events, and phenomena
  • Measuring properties of objects using tools such as rulers, balances, and thermometers
  • Using whole numbers to order, count, identify, measure and describe things and experiences
  • Sharing explanations with others to provide opportunities to ask questions, examine evidence, and suggest alternative explanations
  • Asking “how do you know” questions (not “why” questions) in appropriate situations and attempting to give reasonable answers when others ask questions

Your second grade student will examine the history and nature of science by:

  • Describing that scientific investigations generally work the same way under the same conditions
  • Explaining why scientists review and ask questions about the results of other scientists’ work
  • Studying biographies of famous people of science
  • Exploring science-based careers
  • Demonstrating that in science it is helpful to work with a team and share findings with others

Your second grade student will develop and demonstrate an understanding of safety and the risks associated with natural and personal hazards by:

  • Comparing the needs of a population with the sources and quanitites of resources
  • Describing ways in which using the solutions to a problem might affect other people and the environment

Your second grade student will develop and demonstrate an understanding of science, engineering, technology, and technological design by:

  • Explaining an area in which technology has impacted human lives
  • Explaining that people are always inventing new tools and ways of doing things
  • Explaining that developing and using technology involves benefits and risks
  • Investigating why people make new products or invent new ways to meet their individual wants and needs
  • Predicting how building or trying something new might affect other people and the environment
  • Communicating orally, pictorially, or in written form the design process used to make something

Your second grade student will learn about the characteristics of organisms, their lifecycles, and their environments by:


  • Describing and comparing the basic needs of plants and animals in different environments
  • Comparing similarities and differences among individuals of the same kind of plants and animals, including people
  • Exploring the environmental factors that impact the lifespan and lifecycles of organisms
  • Identifying the needs/behaviors of organisms and suggesting how organisms can adapt to their particular environment
  • Explaining that animals, including people, need air, water, food, living space, and shelter, and plants need air, water, nutrients, living space, and light to survive
  • Identifying that there are many distinct environments that support different kinds of organisms
  • Explaining why organisms can survive only in environments that meet their needs
  • Explaining that food is a basic need of plants and animals and is important because it is a source of energy
  • Investigating the different structures of plants and animals that help them live in different environments (lungs, gills, leaves, and roots)
  • Comparing the habitats of many different kinds of plants and animals and some of the ways animals depend on plants and each other
  • Comparing the activities of common animals (squirrels, chipmunks, deer, butterflies, bees, ants, bats, and frogs) during the different seasons by describing changes in their behavior and appearance


Your second grade student will understand the Earth and its place in the solar system by:

  • Comparing and contrasting Earth materials, atmospheric gases, and water, and exploring their roles as natural resources
  • Explaining how changes in the Earth and the sky cause weather and seasonal changes
  • Identifying patterns of objects in the sky (the stars and solar system)
  • Recognizing that there are more stars in the sky than anyone can easily count
  • Observing and describing how the sun, moon, and stars all appear to move slowly across the sky
  • Observing and describing how the moon appears a little different every day, but looks nearly the same again about every four weeks
  • Observing and describing that some weather changes occur throughout the day and some changes occur in a repeating seasonal pattern
  • Describing weather by measurable quantities such as temperature and precipitation

Your second grade student will observe the interactions of matter, motion, energy, forces, and the transfer of energy by:

  • Comparing and contrasting observable properties and changes in states of matter
  • Describing positions and motions of objects and explaining relationships between motion and applied forces
  • Examining production of light and heat as forms of energy
  • Exploring how things make sound
  • Exploring and describing sounds produced by vibrating objects
  • Exploring with flashlights that light travels in a straight line until it strikes an object