Your second grade student will demonstrate knowledge of letters and the sounds that they make alone and together in order to:

  • Segment and count phonemes
  • Recognize all consonants and vowels and the sounds they represent
  • Separate sounds in words by saying each sound aloud and identifying it as the initial (beginning), medial (middle), or final (ending) sound
  • Blend various sounds to read and build words
  • Recognize all short vowels (-a, -e, -i, -o, -u)
  • Recognize hard and soft -g
  • Understand consonant blends (br, cr, dr, fr, gr, pr, tr), (bl, cl, fl, gl, pl, sl), (spl, spr, str, scr)
  • Understand double consonants (zz, ff, ss, tt)
  • Recognize word endings -ck, -nd, -nt, -mp, -ng, -nk, -er, -le
  • Understand consonant digraphs (th, wh, sh, ch, tch)
  • Read long vowel sounds (-a, -e, -i, -o, -u)
  • Understand r-controlled vowels (ar, or, ore, ir, er, ur)
  • Read word endings -tion and -ture
  • Understand silent consonants (gh, kn, b)
  • Recognize double final consonants with -ed or -ing

 

Your second grade student will use letters to build, illustrate, and complete sentences with spelling words with the following patterns:

  • Short vowel sounds (-a, -e, -i, -o, -u)
  • Hard and soft -g
  • Consonant blends (tr, sw, st, cl, xt, br, gl)
  • Double consonants (zz, ff, ss, tt)
  • Consonant digraphs (th, wh, sh, ch, tch)
  • Long -e: ee, ea
  • Long -o: oa, oe, ow
  • Long -a: ai, ay
  • Long -u: ew
  • Long -i: igh, ie
  • Word endings -nd, -nt, -mp, -ng, -nk
  • R-controlled vowels (ar, or, ore, ir, er, ur)
  • Silent consonants (gh, kn, b)
  • Double final consonants and -ed or -ing
  • Frequently misspelled words
  • Units of measure
  • Days of the week
  • /oo/ in moon and book
  • Names of states
  • Recognize words in the same word family

Your second grade student will recognize the different parts of speech in order to:

    • Identify, write, and classify nouns as people, places, or things
    • Classify nouns as common or proper
    • Replace weak nouns with exact nouns
    • Identify pronouns as words that take the place of nouns
    • Use pronouns to avoid repeating nouns
    • Identify verbs as action words
    • Replace weak verbs with more exact verbs using a thesaurus
    • Replace weak verbs with more exact verbs
    • Identify adjectives as words that describe nouns
    • Use describing words that tell size, shape, color, and quantity
    • Write sentences using adjectives to make them more interesting
    • Identify adverbs as words that describe actions

Your second grade student will understand the foundation of writing and apply his knowledge of words, sentences, parts of speech, verb tenses, and grammar in order to:

  • Rewrite sentence fragments as complete sentences
  • Identify the naming part and action part of a sentence
  • Identify run-on sentences
  • Identify informative and descriptive sentences
  • Identify and write interrogative, imperative, and exclamatory sentences
  • Identify and use helping verbs correctly
  • Use was/were and is/are correctly with singular and plural nouns
  • Identify and write telling sentences, asking sentences, exclamatory sentences, and commands
  • Identify compound words and the smaller words of which they are made
  • Identify and write antonyms and synonyms
  • Distinguish between sentences and sentence fragments
  • Join sentences by using and, or, and but
  • Identify words that have multiple meanings
  • Identify, form, and write sentences with contractions (will, am, not, are, is)
  • Identify and form the past tense of regular verbs
  • Use the correct form of verbs in the present tense
  • Name others before he names himself
  • Identify a category and group similar items
  • Recognize that a date includes a day, month, and year
  • Write the names of the days and months using their common abbreviations
  • Capitalize days of the week and months of the year
  • Know and write days of the week and months of the year in sequential order
  • Demonstrate subject-verb agreement
  • Use quotation marks with speaker’s exact words
  • Proofread for correct usage of capital letters, quotations, commas, and end marks
  • Identify and use figurative language, simile, metaphor, onomatopoeia, alliteration, rhyme, and repetition in writing
  • Identify and form singular and plural nouns
  • Independently read and write words with -s, -es, and -ies endings
  • Identify and form singular possessives and plural possessives
  • Identify base words
  • Identify the prefix un- and its meaning
  • Form comparative and superlative forms of words correctly (-er and -i)
  • Identify and use homographs and homophones in sentences
  • Use the following words correctly in sentences: did, done, gave, given, saw, seen, went, gone, ran, run, came, come, saw, seen, went, gone

Your second grade student will learn and apply the following reading comprehension skills with everything that he reads by:

  • Retelling the beginning, middle, and end of the story
  • Drawing conclusions, predictions, and inferences using the text and pictures
  • Answering comprehension questions
  • Sequencing events using time order words
  • Using context clues and a dictionary to determine the meanings of unknown words
  • Stating the author’s purpose for writing the story
  • Identifying the setting, characters, topic, main idea, and supporting details
  • Identifying problem/solution and cause/effect
  • Describing the motives/feelings of a character using story clues and personal experiences
  • Using a Venn diagram to compare and contrast elements of stories
  • Identifying if text is fiction or nonfiction
  • Identifying and describing the roles of the author and illustrator
  • Telling an alternate ending to the story
  • Summarizing events
  • Comparing and contrasting books written by the same author
  • Predicting what could happen beyond the story
  • Reflecting on specific elements of a book or story that he or she liked
  • Discussing the ways an illustration can support the text
  • Relating elements of the story to his own past
  • Identifying an author’s point of view experiences
  • Identifying a speaker’s words in a story
  • Using story text and illustrations to make judgments
  • Reviewing the story to look for reasons why things happened

Your second grade student will read, understand, and write the following pieces of literature:

  • Stories
  • Postcards
  • Expository nonfiction articles
  • Poetry
  • Realistic fiction
  • Descriptive letters
  • Fables
  • Informative articles
  • Journal entries
  • Recipes
  • Fairytales
  • Biographies
  • Chapter books
  • State reports (using a standard research and planning approach)
  • Informative writing (with a concentration on taking notes)
  • Plays (including elements such as a cast, stage directions, props, costumes, and roles, and rehearsing and performing the play using intonation, expression, and proper volume)

Your second grade student will learn to use a variety of resources in order to:

  • Follow steps in the correct order to produce an end product
  • Identify entry words and guide words in a dictionary and use them to locate and define words
  • Identify and use diagrams, graphs, maps, dictionaries, schedules, calendars, timelines, glossaries, thesauruses, indexes, title pages, tables of contents, and newspapers to find information
  • Create a timeline using text and illustrations
  • Use a thesaurus to find more interesting words
  • Use context to identify the appropriate dictionary definition of a multiple-meaning word
  • Capitalize and underline book titles

Sight Words:

always, anyone, around, beautiful, because, been, before, best, better, both, bring, buy, call, can’t, city, clock, cold, didn’t, does, don’t, done, drink, eight, everybody, fall, far, fast, favorite, first, five, found, friend, full, gave, girl, goes, grow, house, hurt, its, keep, kick, kind, knew, line, more, myself, name, never, nice, nine, off, only, or, outside, own, people, pink, pretty, pull, read, except, really, ride, right, saw, second, seven, sing, sit, six, sleep, slow, small, sometimes, start, tell, ten, than, these, thing, third, those, today, together, too, try, until, upon, us, use, very, wash, which, why, wish, won’t, would, write, your