Your kindergarten student will demonstrate knowledge of letters, letter sounds, and concepts of print in order to:

  • Pronounce the word to which they are pointing
  • Recognize that print represents spoken language and provides information
  • Identify and read everyday print such as signs, logos, and labels
  • Recognize that names are made up of letters
  • Identify long and short names and words
  • Follow text with their finger, pointing to each word as it is read
  • Choose and adapt an appropriate volume and tone of spoken language
  • Identify the front and back cover of a book
  • Recognize that the alphabet is made up of letters
  • Understand that the alphabet is a series of letters in a specific order
  • Recognize that uppercase letters are used at the beginning of names and titles
  • Match speech to text
  • Distinguish letters from words
  • Independently write his name
  • Segment syllables into words
  • Segment sentences into words
  • Clap out and track syllables in words
  • Clap out words in sentences
  • Isolate the initial (beginning), medial (middle), final (ending) sounds in words
  • Identify words with the same beginning sound
  • Identify the number of sounds in a word
  • Manipulate phonemes
  • Identify all uppercase and lowercase letters of the alphabet and the sounds they represent
  • Know the difference between consonants and vowels
  • Identify the sounds of short and long vowels
  • Identify and write all uppercase and lowercase letters of the alphabet
  • Match each letter of the alphabet to the sound it makes
  • Use knowledge of letter sounds to read simple one syllable words

Your kindergarten student will apply their knowledge of letters and letter sounds to:

  • Build and read simple one syllable words with word families: -am, -at, -an, -ap, -it, -ig, -it, -ig, -ip, -in, -ot, -op, -og, -ot, -et, -en, -ed, -ut, -un, -ut, -ug, -ub
  • Blend to read words with all short vowels

Your student will practice his written and verbal reading skills in order to:

  • Speak in complete sentences
  • Recognize that words make sentences
  • Recognize that there are spaces between words
  • Know the difference between a sentence that asks a question and one that gives information
  • Know how to ask and answer questions
  • Identify and sort common words into basic categories
  • Categorize animals according to where they live
  • Recognize end punctuation
  • Recite poems
  • Describe people, things, locations, and actions in both general and specific language
  • Identify the following types of words: naming, action, descriptive, feeling, color, opposites, rhyming, and position

Your kindergarten student will learn and apply the following reading comprehension skills with everything that he reads in order to:

  • Connect his own life experiences to the story
  • Use pictures and text to make predictions
  • Identify and discuss story vocabulary
  • Identify title, author, and illustrator
  • Identify the beginning, middle, and ending of a story
  • Use graphic organizers (ex. word web) to organize information
  • Retell the story (using pantomime, song, drama, finger puppets, etc.)
  • Identify fiction and its basic characteristics
  • Identify nonfiction and its basic characteristics
  • Identify repetition in a text
  • Identify rhyme
  • Identify main ideas and details
  • Summarize the story
  • Identify the main characters and make judgments
  • Describe story events and identify the sequence those events
  • Distinguish between real and make-believe
  • React to character actions and understand their feelings
  • Recognize and identify the problem and solution of the story
  • Compare and contrast different types of literature
  • Make inferences
  • Use pictures and illustrations to understand the story content
  • Draw conclusions about the story
  • Recall facts from the text
  • Retell the story by acting it out
  • Tell an alternate ending to the story
  • Identify cause and effect in the story
  • Identify a lesson in a story
  • Use context clues to figure out the meanings of unknown words

Your kindergarten student will read, understand, and/or write the following pieces of literature:

  • Song (write lyrics, act out)
  • Poem
  • Make-believe story
  • Nonfiction
  • Directions (one and two step)
  • Nursery rhyme
  • Folktale
  • Play (finger play, pantomime, retell story in dramatic form)

Your kindergarten student will participate in the following author studies:

  • Marc Brown, Dr. Seuss (Theodore Seuss Geisel), Aliki, Tomie dePaola, Johanna Cole and Bruce Degan, and the poet Tedd Arnold

Sight Words:

  • the, a, so, am, be, was, my, he, are, but, I, at, she, is, get, can, have, that, like, said, big, look, no, yes, of, this, to, do, red, blue, and, we, it, did, yellow, green, me, on, into, out, purple, orange, ran, with, went, our, black, brown, what, who, must, now, want, all, little