Your kindergarten student will learn to recognize numbers and how numbers are used in order to:

- Count, recognize, and write the numbers 0-40
- Recognize and make arrangements of the numbers 1-12
- Count forward and backward from 1-31
- Count by twos, fives, and tens to one hundred
- Learn and use ordinal numbers from first through fifth
- Learn ordinal numbers first through tenth
- Order numbers in a sequence from 1-12 and 10-20
- Order the days of the week and events with respect to time
- Recognize, name, and order the twelve months of the year
- Identify numbers missing from a pattern
- Model addition as adding and combining sets
- Add one to numbers zero through nine using manipulatives
- Add two to numbers zero through eight using manipulatives
- Solve addition problems using pennies
- Make and recognize reasonable estimates for numbers 12 or less
- Identify which of two activities takes more or less time
- Use benchmarks to estimate quantities of 20 or less
- Identify and state the value of a penny, nickel, dime, and quarter
- Relate 5 pennies to a nickel
- Relate 10 pennies to a dime
- Compare attributes of quarters, nickels, dimes, and pennies
- Use dimes and pennies to represent amounts of money up to 19¢

- Order objects by weight and capacity
- Compare objects and describe how they are alike or different, heavier or lighter, etc.
- Identify, describe, create, translate, model, and extend AB and ABC patterns
- Draw an invented pattern
- Use number patterns to identify missing numbers from sequences
- Solve problems using simple number patterns
- Model, extend, and describe rhythmic patterns
- Identify symmetry
- Create symmetrical pictures and representations
- Recognize and represent fractional parts of a whole
- Identify and model halves
- Find and use information from a calendar to answer questions
- Use numbers 1-31 in working with a calendar
- Explore the seasons
- Use analog and digital clocks to tell time to the hour
- Match times on analog and digital clocks
- Identify, model, and add double-digit numbers
- Use pictures to represent and solve addition problems
- Model and record subtracting one from the numbers one through ten
- Model and record subtraction two from the numbers two through ten using concrete objects
- Relate addition and subtraction as opposite operations
- Count, compare, and graph solid shape
- Combine like shapes to make larger shapes
- Identify shapes that comprise larger shapes
- Identify, classify, and sort objects by kind, size, shape, and color
- Develop and explain methods of sorting
- Use logical thinking to solve sorting problems
- Sort objects by various attributes and graph the results using a pictograph
- Match objects one to one
- Make and identify equivalent sets of objects
- Use more and fewer to compare sets of objects

- Identify, compare, and sort two- and three-dimensional shapes
- Count, compare, and graph solid shapes
- Identify and describe circles, rectangles, squares, triangles, and geometric solids
- Identify and measure attributes of objects
- Compare the lengths of objects
- Identify and demonstrate taller, longer, and shorter
- Sort and order objects by length
- Measure and estimate lengths of objects using nonstandard units
- Explore the concept of area
- Estimate and measure the weight of objects using a balance and non-standard units
- Compare the capacities of containers and determine which holds more and which holds less
- Identify tools for measuring time, length, weight, capacity, and temperature
- - Identify and describe spatial relationships: top, middle, bottom, before, after, between, inside, outside, left, right, over, under, on, up, down, on top of, beside, next to, in front of, and behind

Your kindergarten student will use nonstandard units to measure by:

- Gather, sort, and interpret data to answer questions
- Collect and sort data to create graphs using concrete objects

Your kindergarten student will build new mathematical knowledge through problem solving in order to:

- Decide whether to add or subtract in problem situations
- Model and record subtraction sentences
- Apply the appropriate strategies such as tally marks, counters, or a number line to solve problems
- Predict and record outcomes of activities dependent on chance
- Identify and discuss the likelihood of a given situation based on known facts and chance
- Use logical thinking to estimate more than or less than a given number

- Use comparative words to describe differences in temperature
- Use logical reasoning to solve problems with numbers
- Solve a problem by acting it out
- Use pictures to solve real-world problems

Your kindergarten student will recognize and use connections among mathematical ideas in order to:

- Combine and separate parts used in making a whole object
- Identify activities that take place in the morning, afternoon, evening, night, or day