 # Objectives Overviews Kindergarten: Math

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Your kindergarten student will learn to recognize numbers and how numbers are used in order to:

• Count, recognize, and write the numbers 0-40
• Recognize and make arrangements of the numbers 1-12
• Count forward and backward from 1-31
• Count by twos, fives, and tens to one hundred
• Learn and use ordinal numbers from first through fifth
• Learn ordinal numbers first through tenth
• Order numbers in a sequence from 1-12 and 10-20
• Order the days of the week and events with respect to time
• Recognize, name, and order the twelve months of the year
• Identify numbers missing from a pattern
• Model addition as adding and combining sets
• Add one to numbers zero through nine using manipulatives
• Add two to numbers zero through eight using manipulatives
• Solve addition problems using pennies
• Make and recognize reasonable estimates for numbers 12 or less
• Identify which of two activities takes more or less time
• Use benchmarks to estimate quantities of 20 or less
• Identify and state the value of a penny, nickel, dime, and quarter
• Relate 5 pennies to a nickel
• Relate 10 pennies to a dime
• Compare attributes of quarters, nickels, dimes, and pennies
• Use dimes and pennies to represent amounts of money up to 19¢

Your kindergarten student will come to understand the characteristics of patterns, shapes, and number problems in order to:

• Order objects by weight and capacity
• Compare objects and describe how they are alike or different, heavier or lighter, etc.
• Identify, describe, create, translate, model, and extend AB and ABC patterns
• Draw an invented pattern
• Use number patterns to identify missing numbers from sequences
• Solve problems using simple number patterns
• Model, extend, and describe rhythmic patterns
• Identify symmetry
• Create symmetrical pictures and representations
• Recognize and represent fractional parts of a whole
• Identify and model halves
• Find and use information from a calendar to answer questions
• Use numbers 1-31 in working with a calendar
• Explore the seasons
• Use analog and digital clocks to tell time to the hour
• Match times on analog and digital clocks
• Identify, model, and add double-digit numbers
• Use pictures to represent and solve addition problems
• Model and record subtracting one from the numbers one through ten
• Model and record subtraction two from the numbers two through ten using concrete objects
• Relate addition and subtraction as opposite operations
• Count, compare, and graph solid shape
• Combine like shapes to make larger shapes
• Identify shapes that comprise larger shapes
• Identify, classify, and sort objects by kind, size, shape, and color
• Develop and explain methods of sorting
• Use logical thinking to solve sorting problems
• Sort objects by various attributes and graph the results using a pictograph
• Match objects one to one
• Make and identify equivalent sets of objects
• Use more and fewer to compare sets of objects

Your kindergarten student will recognize shapes, spatial relationships, and forms of measurement in order to:

• Identify, compare, and sort two- and three-dimensional shapes
• Count, compare, and graph solid shapes
• Identify and describe circles, rectangles, squares, triangles, and geometric solids
• Identify and measure attributes of objects
• Compare the lengths of objects
• Identify and demonstrate taller, longer, and shorter
• Sort and order objects by length
• Measure and estimate lengths of objects using nonstandard units
• Explore the concept of area
• Estimate and measure the weight of objects using a balance and non-standard units
• Compare the capacities of containers and determine which holds more and which holds less
• Identify tools for measuring time, length, weight, capacity, and temperature
• - Identify and describe spatial relationships: top, middle, bottom, before, after, between, inside, outside, left, right, over, under, on, up, down, on top of, beside, next to, in front of, and behind

Your kindergarten student will use nonstandard units to measure by:

• Using measuring instruments or non-standard measurement tools to compare objects, liquids, spaces, and people

Your kindergarten student will organize and represent data to formulate a response to a question in order to:

• Gather, sort, and interpret data to answer questions
• Collect and sort data to create graphs using concrete objects

Your kindergarten student will build new mathematical knowledge through problem solving in order to:

• Decide whether to add or subtract in problem situations
• Model and record subtraction sentences
• Apply the appropriate strategies such as tally marks, counters, or a number line to solve problems
• Predict and record outcomes of activities dependent on chance
• Identify and discuss the likelihood of a given situation based on known facts and chance
• Use logical thinking to estimate more than or less than a given number

Your kindergarten student will organize and combine their mathematical thinking through communication in order to:

• Use comparative words to describe differences in temperature
• Use logical reasoning to solve problems with numbers
• Solve a problem by acting it out
• Use pictures to solve real-world problems

Your kindergarten student will recognize and use connections among mathematical ideas in order to:

• Combine and separate parts used in making a whole object
• Identify activities that take place in the morning, afternoon, evening, night, or day